The Quran of Al-Fajr: Quran that is Witnessed

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

As the readers of this blog as well as those who have been reading my past articles probably know by now, through many of my writings I have attempted to pen my thoughts and in-depth reflections upon different verses of the Quran. Fact is, I have been attempting to analyze the meanings of Allah’s Book since many years.

Over the past few, however, I have been able to better grasp, by Allah’s grace, much deeper insights into the Quran than before, and in this post, I want to elaborate upon the method of pondering upon the Quran among the different methods that I have hitherto used, which varied according to the degree of “newness” of my association with it, which has had the greatest effect on my life.

The fact is that I absolutely love to ponder upon the Glorious Quran and recite it in solitude! However, arriving at this point has been somewhat hard work.

Steps of the journey..

The first method of attempting to understand the words of Allah in the Quran, which I employed mostly during my teen years, involved understanding the very basic meanings of the Quran through Urdu and English translations. This granted me the very preliminary level of understanding what Allah has said to mankind in His Book. However, at this level I still remained an almost complete stranger to the language in which the Quran was first revealed: Arabic – even if I could read it aloud without any comprehension.

The next method I used, by Allah’s Grace, to ponder more deeply upon the Quran, was when I was in my early twenties. I was no longer satisfied with just reading the translation, because it felt like someone was decoding Allah’s words for me (which is what a translation does, of course). Hence, I was pining for a way to be able to understand the Arabic of  the Quran directly, so that I could understand the Quran when I, or someone else, recited it.

And so commenced the second “method” of my connecting with and understanding the Quran, which involved studying it under a more learned person, a scholar, who explained its word-meanings and contextual exegesis, all the while relating its time-independent message, content and commandments to practical life from the point of view of the educated, urban Pakistani woman. This method of Quran study involved writing down its word-to-word translation and exegesis while my teacher delivered her lectures, and reflecting methodically upon its verses via structured discussions live, in person, with other students in the Quran class.

After that exhilarating, but unfortunately temporary, experience, the third method that I used to connect in more solitude and exclusivity with Allah’s Book involved reciting it early in the morning after performing the Fajr (pre-dawn) prayer, through quiet contemplation and deep reflection upon its verses, followed by dua’s for further guidance and clarity into its meanings. I undertook this method in order to stay closely connected to Allah’s Book even after my life’s daily routine no longer involved regular, structured studies via classes taken under a scholar or teacher.

Of all the above methods, by far it was the third one that has had, in the long term, the most profoundly humbling effect on my heart – the kind that I have described in detail in the last post on this blog.

Sometimes, the verses of the Quran would suddenly become clearer to me in the form of an epiphany, as a hitherto unknown aspect of their meaning would strike me out of the blue. At other times, digging deeper into the meanings of some of the Arabic words would reveal fresh insights and new angles.

A Quran that is “witnessed”

In the Quran itself, Allah calls the Quran recitation in prayer at the time of Fajr, a recitation that “is witnessed”:

أَقِمِ الصَّلاَةَ لِدُلُوكِ الشَّمْسِ إِلَى غَسَقِ اللَّيْلِ وَقُرْآنَ الْفَجْرِ إِنَّ قُرْآنَ الْفَجْرِ كَانَ مَشْهُودًا

Establish regular prayers – at the sun’s decline till the darkness of the night, and the morning prayer and reading: for the prayer and reading in the morning carry their testimony.” [17:78]

The question arises: what “testimony” does the “Quran Al-Fajr” (Quran reading/recitation before dawn) carry?

According to Tafsir Ibn Kathir, the term “Quran Al-Fajr” means the Salah of Al Fajr i.e. the first obligatory prayer of the day.

It further states, “According to the version recorded in the two sahihs from Abu Hurayrah, the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said:  “The angels of the night and the angels of the day come amongst you in successive groups (in shifts). They meet at the morning prayer (Fajr) and at the mid-afternoon prayer (‘Asr). Those who stayed among you at ascend, and their Lord asks them, although He knows best about you, “How did you leave my servants” They say, “We came to them when they were praying and we left them when they were praying.”

`Abdullah bin Masoud said, “The two guards meet at Salat Al-Fajr, and one group ascends while the other stays where it is.”

These were the comments of Ibrahim An-Nakha`i, Mujahid, Qatadah and others on the tafsir of this verse.

End quote Tafsir Ibn Kathir.

This hadith in Sahih Al-Bukhari has an additional line by the narrator Abu Hurairah at its end:

It is related that Abu Hurairah said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah say, “The excellence of the group prayer is twenty-five times that of the prayer of one of you alone. The angels of the night and the angels of the day meet during the Fajr prayer.”  Then Abu Hurairah said, “If you wish, recite إِنَّ قُرْآنَ الْفَجْرِ كَانَ مَشْهُودً – “…for the recitation of Fajr is witnessed.””

The verse of the Quran above and the relevant ahadith supplementing it indicate clearly that the time of pre-dawn is especially blessed because the angels witness the Quran that is recited in Fajr prayer.

This is because Allah has singled out the Quran recited in the obligatory “Al-Fajr” prayer, giving it a special mention in the verse above. I think that this mention itself vouchsafes for the excellence of the time of Fajr in relation to the recitation of the Quran.

Early morning hours are blessed

What we can conclude is that the time before sunrise is a great opportunity to bond with the Quran, first by reciting as much of it from memory as we possibly can in the Al-Fajr obligatory prayer, and then by further reciting it separately from the mushaf. We can follow this by reading its meanings and exegesis silently, and then pondering upon them in the quiet morning time that follows Fajr prayer. All this should not take a lot of time, as early morning time is very blessed and distraction-free.

In worldly terms also, the hour before dawn is one of the quietest and most productive times of the day, when people are only beginning to rise from slumber after a long nocturnal rest. The day’s work and household chores have not yet begun; therefore, a person’s mind is not just fresh and alert after receiving consecutive hours of night sleep, but it is also comparatively uncluttered, free from the daily schedule-related worries and distractions that occupy it during the day.

Many successful people, therefore, cash in on the hours before breakfast to pursue beneficial activities, important studies, and productive habits, or to perform other tasks geared towards helping them get ahead in personal development, or to achieve career success.

Examples of such tasks mentioned in the article to which I have linked above, include – working out and exercising; reading a book, newspaper, journal or online correspondence (emails); making or reviewing a to-do list for the day, or goals for the near future; taking an online class, or studying a religious text. Even modern-day media and television have acknowledged the special crisp freshness of the early morning hours, cashing in on the availability of their ‘early-bird’ viewership by broadcasting special morning shows and “breakfast news” bulletins.

There is no doubt about the fact that the early morning hours carry special blessings. This has even been endorsed by the prayer and sleep schedule of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم and his companions:

Sakhr Al-Ghamidi said: “The Messenger of Allah said: “O Allah, bless my ummah in the mornings.’ Whenever he sent out troops or an army, he would send them at the beginning of the day.’” Sakhr was a trader, and he used to send out his caravans at the beginning of the day, and he did well as a result and made money.”

[Abu Dawood, Al-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah]

Sammak Ibn Harb, who said: “I asked Jabir Ibn Samurah, “Did you used to sit with the Messenger of Allah?” He said, “Yes, frequently. He would not get up from the place where he had prayed Subh until the sun rose. When the sun rose, he would get up. They used to talk about things that had happened during the jahiliyyah (pre-Islamic ignorance), and they would laugh and smile.””

[Sahih Muslim (1:463)]

My personal “spiritual fix”

The reason I am highlighting the excellence of Quran recitation at the time of Fajr is that, this activity has been a part of my daily routine for more than a decade, and has brought many blessings into my life, not the least of which is the understanding of Deen and an improvement in my tajweed skills. Most of the articles that I have already written, and the ideas for topics to write on in future, are largely a product of my contemplation upon verses of the Quran at the time of Fajr. لا حول ولا قوة الا بالله – all source of my guidance and steadfastness is solely Allah.

More than ten years ago, I wanted to direly improve my tajweed, pining to be able to recite the Quran correctly, effortlessly and melodiously. Allah guided me to sit down every day after Fajr prayer, for only ten to fifteen minutes at the most, and recite a couple of pages of Quran.

This seemingly small effort, of bonding with Allah’s Book for a short period of time in the early hours every morning, brought enormous fruits and self-actualizing results in my life and persona over the years. It helped me get closer not just to my Creator but also to His creation, improving my relationships with others and guiding me to focus on correcting my own shortcomings, keeping my heart clean, practicing patience in the face of adversities, and forgiving others.

Soon, it became much more than an effort to improve my tajweed. It became my “weakness”; a daily “fix” – something I needed to thrive spiritually; something I could no longer do without.

Incidentally, as I said, the ideas for most of the articles that I have written, including those that culminated as the content of my book, were a result of these early morning “Quran reflection” sessions of mine. And all benefit is solely from Allah.

So I invite those of my readers, who do not yet recite the Quran at the time of Fajr (long recitation within the obligatory Fajr prayer, or separately after prayer) to also start and continue with this habit as a part of their daily morning routine.

Insha’Allah, you will see an immense improvement in your relationship with Allah within no time, not to mention, feel more at peace and serene inside, as you navigate through life’s challenges with the verses of the Quran illuminating your heart and intrinsically guiding your actions.

The trick is to “start small” and continue with consistent little “baby steps” on a daily basis towards establishing this activity as a lifelong routine.

You can start by reciting a few verses or just one page of the Quran daily, sticking diligently to this routine for a few months or years, until it becomes a die-hard habit. Quite soon, it will become an indispensable part of your life; a necessity that you will not be able to do without, insha’Allah.

Over the years, picking up the Quran early in the morning after Fajr prayer for recitation and reflection, followed by dhikr and supplications, has become second nature to me, alhamdulillah, – all guidance and good is solely from Allah.

The day I do not recite the Quran in the morning, I feel like I have missed something truly important, and I feel deprived. By Allah’s Grace, I then return to it the next morning with even more vigor and enthusiasm! لاحول ولا قوة الا بالله

Besides reciting it aloud oneself, one can also bond with the Quran at the start of their day by putting it on aloud and listening intently to a portion of its recitation as it plays, reading and pondering upon its meanings by displaying this portion of the Quran on a smartphone/iPhone, desktop computer or laptop. This alternative routine can be availed during the monthly cycle of menstruation, for example.

Sometimes, I use the helpful website QuranFlash that displays a Quran mushaf on the screen, allowing me to navigate the Quran just as I would a physical mushaf.

Tasbeeh and Istighfar

Allah has also mentioned 2 other praiseworthy actions in the Quran that His righteous slaves do early in the morning: glorifying and praising Allah (tasbeeh) and seeking forgiveness for sins (istighfar):

فَاصْبِرْ عَلَى مَا يَقُولُونَ وَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ قَبْلَ طُلُوعِ الشَّمْسِ وَقَبْلَ الْغُرُوبِ

“..And celebrate the praises of your Lord, before the rising of the sun and before (its) setting.” [50:39]

وَبِالْأَسْحَارِ هُمْ يَسْتَغْفِرُونَ

And in the hour of early dawn, they (were found) praying for forgiveness;” [51:18]

Hence, we can conclude that the time early in the morning every day is a golden opportunity for us to avail for bonding with Allah via different forms of worship, starting preferably with standing in late night devout prayer (also known as tahajjud or qiyam al-layl).

We can follow this with seeking forgiveness and making earnest dua’s or supplications, until the time of Fajr commences. Then we should pray the obligatory Fajr prayer with as lengthy a recitation of Quran from memory as we possibly can, followed by more recitation and reflection upon the Quran from the mushaf. Finally, we can end this morning “worship session” of ours with more dhikr, such as the masnoon dua’s for the morning and evening, which incidentally also include tasbeeh and istighfar.

So start picking up the Quran at Fajr!

I hope that you will endeavor to recite, read, and try to understand Allah’s Book with the intention of acting upon it by utilizing the early morning hours; the way Allah guided me to do. May Allah grant me steadfastness and further levels of guidance.

I never thought that one day I would write about my reflections on the Glorious Quran! Truly, this Quran is a blessing that cannot be cherished, appreciated or praised enough in words! It is better than any wealth that anyone, or all of mankind together, can ever amass:

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ قَدْ جَاءتْكُم مَّوْعِظَةٌ مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ وَشِفَاء لِّمَا فِي الصُّدُورِ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةٌ لِّلْمُؤْمِنِينَ

O mankind! There has now come unto you an admonition from your Sustainer, and a cure for all [the ill] that may be in men’s hearts, and guidance and grace unto all who believe [in Him]

قُلْ بِفَضْلِ اللّهِ وَبِرَحْمَتِهِ فَبِذَلِكَ فَلْيَفْرَحُواْ هُوَ خَيْرٌ مِّمَّا يَجْمَعُونَ

Say: “In [this] bounty of God and in His grace – in this, then, let them rejoice: it is better than all [the worldly wealth] that they may amass!”” [10:57-10:58]

I am not perfect…

As I leave you until the next post, I would just like to add here a disclaimer of sorts: please do not think after reading this post that I am some superwoman who does tons of work in the mornings. I am still struggling to get to that point (a point at which my teacher and friend Farhat Hashmi already is, and has been, for years, masha’Allah. Her productive early morning routine is well-known among her circle).

I am not an early riser and active morning person yet – to the extent that I manage to stay awake and not go back to sleep after sunrise. Our family still struggles with trying to sleep an hour earlier than we do, and as yet we are not succeeding.

Hence, I know that if I stay awake constantly from the time of tahajjud onwards, I will be dozing off at 10 a.m at my desk, and losing my mid-morning productive spurt of reading/writing/emailing work.

Therefore, more often than not, I go back to bed to take a nap after sunrise (nowadays masha’Allah, there is a baby in the picture as well, who still awakes during the night) i.e. I sleep for another 2-3 hours after the sun has risen. Although I am happy to report that ever since I entered my thirties, I have been sleeping less per 24-hours than I did when I was younger i.e. during  my teen years and twenties (I could sleep 12 hours a day back then!)

So now, when I do go back to take my post-sunrise morning nap, I at least feel good about the fact that I have already got my necessary spiritual “fix” for the day – my daily dose of the “Quran AlFajr and hence, I usually go to sleep happy, and enjoy sweet dreams. 🙂

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16 thoughts on “The Quran of Al-Fajr: Quran that is Witnessed

  1. MashAllah, very inspiring.No doubt, recitation of Quran at fajr refuels us each day towards positivity and keeps us on Siratal Mustaqeem. May all of us benefit from the book of Allah
    as it a mercy, guidance ,grace , healing and better than all the wordly wealth.

  2. Assalamlaikum sister Sadaf, Jazak Allah khayr for sharing this fix with me.I have been trying to make it a habit but I have a long, long way to go.
    Alhamdulillah and subhanAllah reciting the Quran after fajr does have a healing affect on you and provides you with so much happiness and sakinah and you will notice that your day is more productive as opposed to those days when you don’t recite Quran.I still struggle to get up for fajr on time or if I do, I’m so tired that I pray fajr and head back to bed right away.mashAllah tabarakAllah may Allah SWT bless you for sharing this with us.inshAllah I feel inspired to keep trying to make it a habit after reading about all the blessings/barakah that Allah SWT sends down at fajr.Dr.Farhat hashmi also talks about it in one of her lectures.She also said that most of her life she has been getting most of her work done at fajr.Her father used to wake them all up for fajr and they weren’t allowed to go back to sleep unless one of them wasn’t feeling well.mashAlah.I pray inshAllah I try to make this a habit in my house.

    1. Wa alaikumus salam Neda,
      May Allah grant us all guidance and steadfastness upon a morning routine that is pleasing to Him, Ameen. 🙂
      I would like to add here (something that I forgot to add to the post) that sleeping early is the other side of the coin. Ustadhah Farhat Hashmi never attends any late-night gatherings (especially weddings) and sleeps soon after isha, which is a sunnah of our Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) who only stayed awake after isha if he wanted to discuss something important with his family. All Karachi dwellers like myself know how our city loves to stay awake till late at night as a norm/habit…may Allah guide us.
      Allah knows best.

  3. Assalamu Allikum,
    First of all this is an amazing blog. I had a quick question:
    how do you include ayaat from Quran in the post (in Arabic).

    Jazak Allah

    1. Wa alaikumus salam,
      I use the Quran search at IslamiCity.com to look up the verses. It is one of the fastest searches in my knowledge.
      Then I copy the Arabic text with my mouse from the search results, and paste it into my browser’s search box to get rid of all the HTML formatting. Then I copy it again and paste it into my blog’s text editor, and use my own HTML to format it. Quite simple, alhamdulillah.
      Hope this was of help.
      Barak Allahu feek.
      Wassalam.

  4. Assalamualaikum

    Jazakillah khairan katheeran for the wonderfully inspiring post. In the extremely busy life that is going on right now, your post just reminded me how easy it is to include Quran in one’s daily schedule.

    I have a question. Is it allowed for menstruating women to read Quran? Should it be silent?

    It would be amazing if you could do a post (maybe a short one?) on things a menstruating woman is allowed to do. Because shaitan is really smart on that one. He takes us away from ibaadah saying “Oh you’re not allowed to pray and all right now, do this stuff later” and then we fall out of habit. At least that has been happening with me.

    Any suggestions as to what we can do in this time period will be really helpful.

    Jazakillah again

    1. Wa alaikumus salam,

      I mentioned as an alternative, for women during menses, their listening to the Quran whilst looking at the text being recited by a Qari (qualified reciter) on a digital screen, such as a smartphone or computer. This will insha’Allah fill the spiritual void that a Muslim woman ends up feeling during the days of her cycle in which she can’t recite the Quran.

      However, the reward for this will not even come close to the one that she gets for reciting the Quran aloud herself, in the state of tuhr, which is an act of worship.

      This is somewhat of a sensitive issue, so I will just give you links to the fatwa by qualified scholars: http://www.islam-qa.com/en/ref/2564/

      Allah knows best.

      1. Jazakillah for the reply. I have read this fatwah and it has kind of left me confused :). This is mainly because it says that reading is allowed, without touching the mushaf. So does that mean I can do it when wearing gloves (that’s what our Quran class folks used to do) OR I just do it online?

        I somehow find reading online very distracting. Maybe it’s just me. But the repercussion is that ‘lost connection’ for a week and the difficulty of getting back to it.

  5. wanted to share…
    محاضرة كيف نحيا بـالقران من دولة الكـويت
    http://alqtami.com/Audio-467

    you can find his recitations of fajar prayer…
    فجريات
    click … http://alqtami.com/Audio-Section-93

    a my friend who lead trawee7 every year says… the best of recitations are made at fajar prayer… coz it is witnessed by angels… i myself noticed that in fajr recitations of Shaykh Naser Alqtami (one of my most favourite)…

    Wish you all the best… leaving you with أحلى الكلام – كلام الله
    Wasslaam!

  6. Assalamu Alaikum,

    First thanks to Allah, who still remained in this ummah, people (especially female) who can guide, teach the lessons of Islam.

    Thanks to you for this article and also all, which you already written. Especially the one about “hoors for only men, not for women” article. (I am giving thanks here, because my attempt failed on that page for unknown reason).

    I don’t know, how you view a general question/answer website about Islam, where people from everywhere can ask question, but I would like to consider joining this site http://islam.stackexchange.com and benefit us from your knowledge Allah given you. You may first want to view the questions and answers there first.

    Thanks again. Assalamu Alaikum

  7. salam,

    im very happy for you,and I wish sincerely that All muslim can have your blessings,there is treasure in face of this dunya like quran,i would like and seek you to put us in your Du’A so we can catch up.

    massalam,MAY ALLAH bless you and ALL muslims.AMIN.jazakallahu khair

    amin

  8. Assalam o Alaikum Wa Rehmatullahi wa barakatuhu
    Sister Jazak Allahu Khair for these above mentioned beneficial words. MashAllah. May Allah increase your emaan and ours too.
    I am from Lahore and I wanted to ask you if you had any knowledge about Tajweed classes in Dar ul Huda. Are there any afternoon and morning classes available? I am a student. And I want to learn Arabic, tafseer etc. Please guide me to the best of your knowledge. Jazak Allahu Khair.

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